Theory of Mind (ToM)

Contributor: Lifeng Fan

Reading list

survey/review/perspective paper Encyclopedia


Optional - Philosophical Studies on ToM

Optional - False Belief

Optional - ToM in Robotics

Optional - ToM in Games

Optional - Joint Attention

Optional - Joint Goals and Commitments

Optional - Sharing and Helping

Optional - Cooperation

Optional - Faireness

Optional - Ownership


  1. There have been many debates over Theory of Mind for a long time, such as the mind modularity problem, the mind body problem. Pick a debate that you are most interested in, and give your own arguments for it.
  2. Many studies model mind inference between agents in a recursive way. However, obviously we humans don’t do that infinitely recursive mind inference in practice. What’s the problem with the recursive modeling? What do you think might be a better model for the underlying mental mechanism? How do we humans build common mind during interaction?
  3. Can humans build a human brain? What’s the biggest problem and hardest challenges now? Show your opinion and analysis.